Pharmacy Practice In India Is Governed By? (2023)

1. Pharmacy Education in India - PMC - NCBI

  • Oct 25, 2009 · Besides the Pharmacy Act, pharmacy practice is also governed by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940, which stipulates the manufacture, ...

  • Pharmacy education in India traditionally has been industry and product oriented. In contrast to the situation in developed nations, graduate pharmacists prefer placements in the pharmaceutical industry. To practice as a pharmacist in India, one needs ...

2. novel organogram at the Pharmacy Council of India - PMC - NCBI

  • Mar 20, 2022 · Clinical pharmacy/pharmacy practice was first introduced in academia in India as a master's degree in 1996 [25] followed by the PharmD in 2008 [ ...

  • Harm with inappropriate and irrational use of medications is a global challenge. The need for and patient access to medicines optimisation services is apparent globally and amplified in India due to multiple reasons. Clinical pharmacists are ideally placed ...

3. Bridging the gap between academia and practice: novel organogram at ...

  • Mar 20, 2022 · Clinical pharmacy/pharmacy practice was first introduced in academia in India as a master's degree in 1996 [25] followed by the PharmD in 2008 [ ...

  • Harm with inappropriate and irrational use of medications is a global challenge. The need for and patient access to medicines optimisation services is apparent globally and amplified in India due to multiple reasons. Clinical pharmacists are ideally placed to promote patient safety with medicines use optimisation and other pharmaceutical care services through appropriate legislative, policy, and compensation mechanisms to achieve optimal patient outcomes. The need is for a move at a global level, an enabling organisational structure at Pharmacy Councils and in practice regulations, particularly in countries where clinical roles are still in infancy. This narrative describes the current status and future needs for development of medicines optimisation services across sectors through regulatory and organisational reforms at the Pharmacy Council of India with additional registration, continuing professional development, renewal and licensing requirements for clinical pharmacists to respond to patient and societal needs in India.

4. Good Pharmacy Practice in India: Its Past, Present and Future with Need ...

  • The Pharmacy Act has the power to govern not just pharmacy education but also the profession [33]. In India, there are two types of pharmacists—those who ...

  • The pandemic of COVID-19 has highlighted the importance of emergency preparedness and response (EP and R) in India’s education, training, capacity building, and infrastructure growth. Healthcare professionals, especially pharmacy professionals (PPs) in India, continued to provide drugs, supplies, and services during the pandemic. The public-private healthcare system in India is complicated and of varying quality. Patients face problems as a result of gaps in pharmacy practice education and training, as well as a lack of clarity about pharmacists’ positions. Job requirements and effective placement of healthcare professionals in patient care, as well as on (EP and R) task forces or policy representation, are complicated by this lack of distinction. We have also seen malpractice and spurious distribution in the healthcare and pharmaceutical domain in terms of personal protective kits, medications, injectable, life-saving oxygen, and other items during this unprecedented pandemic situation. A few of the incidents are as follows. The central division police in Bangalore (the Global BPO & IT Hub of India) booked a case of bed-blocking at a private hospital and arrested three people, one of whom is an Arogya Mitra (primary contact for the beneficiaries at every empaneled hospital care provider), for allegedly extorting ₹1.20 lakh from the son of a COVID-19 patient who later passed away. At least 178 COVID-19 patients in India have died because of oxygen shortage in recent weeks. Another 70 deaths have been attributed to an oxygen shortage by patients’ families, but this has been denied by the authorities. The Allahabad High court made a remark “Death of COVID patients due to non-supply of oxygen not less than genocide” on reports circulating on social media regarding the death of COVID-19 patients due to lack of oxygen in Lucknow and Meerut. A day ago, the Delhi police busted an industrial manufacturing unit in Uttarakhand’s Kotdwar where fake Remdesivir injections were being manufactured and arrested five people. These depict the ground reality and ethical standards of good pharmacy practice in this country. There is an utmost necessity to relook and re-establish the standards of pharmacy practice in healthcare setups available in each and every corner of the country in line with guidelines provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP). For that, the dependency and responsibilities are very high on healthcare professionals, particularly in this pandemic situation. The pharmacy zone is adaptable, evolving, and increasingly diverse, offering a wide range of work and management opportunities to execute. PPs are human service professionals whose responsibilities include safeguarding individuals by dispensing medications based on prescriptions. Representing the world’s third-largest medicinal services with active gathering, and in India, there are over 1,000,000 (1 million) enrolled PPs employed in various capacities and readily contributing to the country’s well-being. Pharmacy practice, which includes clinical, community, and hospital pharmacy, is referred to as total healthcare in its true sense. Through adaptation and implementation of GPP in healthcare setup, PPs form an essential link between physicians, nurses, and patients in the social community group, with an ultimate emphasis on patient well-being and protection. To instill quality and raise the standard in this chaotic situation there are strict measures required in the country. The International Pharmaceutical Federation and World Health Organization define good pharmacy practice (GPP) as practices that meet the personal needs of patients or those using pharmacy services by offering appropriate evidence-based care. In developed countries, pharmaceutical assistance is defined as a pharmaceutical practice model that involves attitudes, ethical values, behaviors, skills, appointments, and co-responsibility to prevent diseases, promote and recovery health in an integrated manner as part of the healthcare process, highlighting, among other, the requirement that the institution fully adopts the GPP. There is a need for a GPP Program designed by the Indian Govt. or its stakeholders in the context of the Indian healthcare system and adopting “new normal” due to the unprecedented event of COVID 19 and also raising the standard and importance of GPP for the healthcare professionals in the current scenario.

5. Community Pharmacies in the Asian Countries of Developing Health ...

  • The regulation and control of medicine sellingand the practice of CPs are primarily overseen by the National Medicines Regulatory Authority (NMRA-2015) and the ...

  • Community pharmacies (CPs) in Asian countries are often the first point of contact for patients withinthe healthcare system and their preferred place to purchase medicines. The number of CPs may vary across Asian countries, and each country has developed its own design and functioning. The regulatory environment plays a crucial role in shaping and governing CPs. The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive literature review in order to enhance understanding of the establishment and regulation of CPs. By undertaking this review, the researchers, policymakers, and practitioners sought to gain a deeper insight into the performance and functions of CPs and the regulatory frameworks that govern them. Moreover, this review shed light on implementation strategies, effects on patient outcomes, and the barriers and challenges associated with their establishment. A narrative literature review method was adopted with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. Significant disparities can be observed when comparing the stated intentions of regulations with their actual implementation. Recently, there has been an inclusion of public health practices. Unfortunately, pharmacy procedures conducted in such environments have been characterized by inadequate understanding and inappropriate care. This poor performance can be attributed to employees’ focus on maximizing profits. Several shortcomings can arise, including incomplete patient history documentation, failure to refer patients who require medical attention, unauthorized dispensing of prescription-only medicines (POM), dispensing clinically inappropriate or excessive medication doses, selling incomplete antibiotic courses, and inadequate information and counseling services. Regulatory interventions can help strengthen these services.

6. [PDF] Annex 8 Joint FIP/WHO guidelines on good pharmacy practice

  • This handbook is designed to meet the changing needs of pharmacists, setting out a new paradigm for pharmacy practice and presenting a step-by- step approach to ...


  • Mar 7, 2016 · Government has restricted the practice of Pharmacy to only Profession Pharmacists i.e registered Pharmacist under the Pharmacy Act 1948. PCI ...

  • HISTORY OF PHARMACY IN INDIA In ancient India the sources of drugs were of vegetable, animal and mineral origin. They were prepared empirically by few experienced persons.

8. Community pharmacy - A growing need

  • Community pharmacy sector in India is poorly organized. There needs a development in basic elements of the community pharmacy practice. Only a qualified ...

  • Community pharmacy - A growing need

9. [PDF] Pharmacy Practice Regulations, 2015 - High Court of Tripura

  • Professional incompetence shall be judged by peer group as per guidelines prescribed by Pharmacy Council of India. (g) For wilful obstruction of an inspector ...

10. India: Pharmaceutical Legal & Regulatory Environment

  • In April 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the Government would establish a legal framework mandating doctors to prescribe medicines by their ...

  • India: Pharmaceutical Legal & Regulatory Environment By Krishna Sarma The healthcare imperatives and the resultant laws and regulations around health in India are unique. In the absence of any significant reimbursement or insurance system in place, the focus of successive Indian governments has been on achieving significant reductions in out-of- pocket expenditure on healthcare and drugs. Drug

11. [PDF] ASHP Statement on the Role of Pharmacists in Primary Care

  • Primary care pharmacy practice is the provision of integrated, accessible healthcare services by pharmacists who are accountable for addressing medication needs ...

12. [PDF] Legislation, regulation, and consolidation in the retail pharmacy ...

  • Sep 2, 2009 · Consolidation in South Africa has resulted from a recent legislative change, while in India it has been driven by refinement of existing ...

13. The Legal Development of Drug and Pharmacy Practice Regulations

  • Professional standards and codes of ethics set forth by pharmacy organizations continue to guide the conduct of pharmacists and pharmacy staff alongside federal ...

  • The Legal Development of Drug and Pharmacy Practice Regulations

14. Indiana Board of Pharmacy - PLA -

  • The Indiana Board of Pharmacy consists of seven members appointed by the governor for terms of four years. Six members must be pharmacists in good standing of ...

  • The Indiana Board of Pharmacy consists of seven members appointed by the governor for terms of four years.  Six members must be pharmacists in good standing of recognized experience and ability from varied practice settings who hold a current license to practice pharmacy in Indiana; one of these pharmacists must be a practicing hospital pharmacist. The seventh member represents the general public, being a resident of Indiana and someone who has never been associated with pharmacy in anyway other than as a consumer.

15. Code of Ethics for Pharmacists - School of Pharmacy

  • Pharmacists are health professionals who assist individuals in making the best use of medications. This Code, prepared and supported by pharmacists, is intended ...

  • Adopted by the membership of the American Pharmaceutical Association, October 27, 1994

16. Pharmacy and Pharmacist FAQs

  • Q33. Do I need to post the permit/license issued to me by the Board of Pharmacy?

  • A1.

17. Various Pharmacy degree programs in India

  • Along with the Pharmacy Act, Pharmacy education is also governed by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940, which elaboratesthe manufacture, distribution, and sale ...

  • In India Mainly Offered Pharmacy Degree Courses are – Diploma in Pharmacy (D. pharm, Bachelor of pharmacy (B.Pharm) and Explore all Pharmacy Courses.


  • In India there was no restriction to practise the profession of pharmacy. One could practise this profession as any other profession. Persons, having no ...

19. pharmacy practice in india is governed by?

  • 2 days ago · Pharmacy Council of India. The Pharmacy education and profession in India upto graduate level is regulated by the PCI a statutory body governed ...

  • Posted on 2023-09-23 by admin

20. [PDF] Pharmacy Act –1948 - Utkal University

  • PHARMACY COUNCIL OF INDIA. In January 2015, the Pharmacy Council of India has published the new pharmacy practice ... duty under proper security governed by the ...

21. NIPERs - Department of Pharmaceuticals

  • Mar 21, 2023 · NIPER is a member of Association of Indian Universities. Disciplines: Medicinal Chemistry; Pharmacoinformatics; Natural Products; Traditional ...

  • Department of Pharmaceuticals was established under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers in 2008 with the objective of givi

22. The History of Pharmacy | Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

  • A movement began during the 1980s to expand the role of pharmacists in the clinical setting, and by 2003, with the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and ...

  • The History of Pharmacy


Who regulates pharmacy practice in India? ›

Joint meeting of PCI and SPCs/RTs held on 15/04/2013 at New Delhi. The Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) is a statutory body working under the Ministry of Health and F.W., Government of India. It is constituted under the Pharmacy Act, 1948 to regulate pharmacy education & practice of profession in the country.

What is the pharmacy Practice Act in India? ›

The Pharmacy education and profession in India upto graduate level is regulated by the PCI, a statutory body governed by the provisions of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 passed by the Parliament. ➤ The Pharmacy Act 1948 was enacted on 4.3.48 with the following preamble- "An Act to regulate the profession of pharmacy.

Can pharmacists practice in India? ›

After the enforcement of provisions of the Pharmacy Act 1948, pharmacists working in India must have a pharmacist registration certificate issued by the state in which they wish to practice. To obtain a registration certificate, the prospective pharmacist must acquire the minimum diploma (D.

What is the role of pharmacist in pharmacy practice in India? ›

As a member of the patient care team, the pharmacist has the responsibility to ensure that the patient is using the best medication possible in the correct manner, which will improve rational drug therapy.

How is the pharmaceutical industry regulated in India? ›

The Drugs Act and Cosmetics Act, 1940 (“Drugs Act”) and Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 (“Drugs Rules”) regulates the import, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs in India. It provides the procedures for testing and licensing new drugs.

WHO issues pharmacy license in India? ›

Once the application form is submitted, all the documents are marked for inspection. An inspector will visit the pharmaceutical shop or company premises for the final verification. After the verification, the drugs controller issues the drug license.

What is the role of clinical pharmacist in India? ›

Practicing clinical Pharmacists exposed to medication histories, patients counseling, review treatment regimens, monitor drug therapy, supply drug information, report adverse drug reactions, and provide poison control services.

Can pharmacist write prescription in India? ›

3, no person other than a doctor who holds qualification/s that are duly recognized by MCI and is registered with MCI or State Medical Council can practice allopathic medicine. A practitioner of other systems of medicine cannot practice allopathic medicine. A pharmacist cannot practice and prescribe drugs.

Can Pharmd write prescriptions in India? ›

The National Medical Commission has not agreed to Pharmacy Council of India's proposal to allow pharmacists to write prescription, saying writing a prescription is dependent on examining patients and making a diagnosis, the government said today.

Can a pharmacist open his own clinic in India? ›

yes, Pharma. D Can open Clinic to practice Clinical Pharmacy, but not Medicine. For diagnosis and treatment one has to have at least a bachelor degree in medicine and surgery.

Is Indian PharmD valid in the US? ›

Is an Indian PharmD degree valid in USA? To be eligible to work as a pharmacist in the USA with an Indian PharmD degree, you must clear the Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Examination Certification (FPGEC) and North American Pharmacist Licensure Exam (NAPLEX) tests.

How pharmacy business works in India? ›

To open a medical store, an individual must obtain a partnership, proprietorship, LLP or company registration. Once the store is registered, the individual must mandatorily obtain other licences and registration to run the business smoothly, such as the drug licence, shop and establishment licence and pharmacy licence.

What is pharmacist in India? ›

Pharmacists are the medication professionals who can legally dispense medicines, based on the doctor's prescription, to the patients. A pharmacist should have strong knowledge about the composition of the drugs (chemical, biological, and physical properties of the medicine).

How do I file a complaint against a pharmacy in India? ›

All complaints concerning a medical store can be directed to the relevant state's drug control department, and those relating to a pharmacist can be lodged with the Pharmacy Council of India or the concerned State Pharmacy Council.

Which regulatory body regulates pharmaceutical industry in India is options? ›

The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) is India's national regulatory body for cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and medical devices.

Who grants pharmacy license in India? ›

The CDO is the India Head Controller of Drug Administration (DCGI). In India, they have primary regulatory responsibility for the registration of all drugs. The essence of the company and the transaction depends on the form of license.

Is India a regulated market Pharma? ›

India has more than 10,000 pharmaceutical manufacturing units, 2,000 of which have been certified under WHO's Good Manufacturing Practice Standards. Such units are owned by over 3,000 firms. Regulating them means a significant inspection load.

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Prof. Nancy Dach

Last Updated: 07/11/2023

Views: 5912

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (57 voted)

Reviews: 80% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Prof. Nancy Dach

Birthday: 1993-08-23

Address: 569 Waelchi Ports, South Blainebury, LA 11589

Phone: +9958996486049

Job: Sales Manager

Hobby: Web surfing, Scuba diving, Mountaineering, Writing, Sailing, Dance, Blacksmithing

Introduction: My name is Prof. Nancy Dach, I am a lively, joyous, courageous, lovely, tender, charming, open person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.